Trends are evolving towards a return to nature and that's good. As ecology becomes more important today, is it still desirable to continue watering, mowing and using fertilizers and weed killers for turf? Conversely, the meadow requires neither fertilizer nor watering and attracts many auxiliaries. Their presence is beneficial to your garden which will only be more beautiful and healthier.
A word on biodiversity
The meadows promote the ecological balance of your garden. The greater the diversity of plant species, the less the development of pests (caterpillars, aphids, slugs, etc.) will be encouraged, as the population of their natural predators (birds, dragonflies, ladybugs, reptiles, etc.) will also increase. At the same time, pollinators (bees, bumblebees, butterflies, etc.) will return in large numbers to gather fruit trees, vegetables and flowers.
The different types of meadows
The meadows are composed in different proportions of grasses, legumes, perennials annual and biennial, including some messicoles (blueberries, poppies, chrysanthemums ...). The first type of natural meadow is the one that you will let settle by "forgetting" to mow your land. You will see many insects flourish there, and new flowers will come to settle there, such as cardamine, trefoil, yarrow ... If there are not enough flowers for your taste, nothing does not prevent you, while walking in the surroundings, to bring back some local species gleaned in the slopes or to harvest the seeds at the end of summer. If you do not have the patience to experiment with this approach, flower meadows for individuals are available in garden centers. Taking inspiration from what grows around your garden is the best way to guide your choices. Otherwise, choose the ones that are most likely to succeed at home depending on the environment, hot, cold, wet or dry.
What type of soil does the meadow grow on?
The flowering meadows flourish fully on "poor" soils. Poor soil can be recognized by its vegetation: it favors plants such as quackgrass, broom, houseleek and bluegrass. Conversely, too rich soil will favor the development of foliage and weeds to the detriment of flowers. An indicator of rich soil is the presence of nettles, rumex, bindweed ... In this case, the meadow will have difficulty diversifying and probably will not produce the desired effect. Note that today there are meadows for rich land (clovers, tansy, buttercup, daisy, chervil ...). If you sow directly on the lawn, you will have to claw it, and help it by repeating the sowing until it becomes autonomous. But the results are often disappointing.
How to dose the seedlings?
Respect the densities indicated otherwise weeds will take precedence over the meadow. Conversely, by sowing too thick, you risk witnessing a lodging phenomenon, that is to say seeing the meadow lying down. Calculate the area of the land to be covered and prepare the grammage indicated per square meter. In general, 10 gr / m² is more than enough. Sow on the fly. To do this, if the whole seems too light to be well disseminated, it is possible to add sand to the seedling to give it a little consistency, which will allow the seeds to be spread more evenly by crossing the flocks.
When to sow?
The sowing period is generally from September to October for perennials whose flowering will range from April to the end of June. For annuals, sowing will take place from March to June and flowering will be staggered from June to October, perhaps requiring a light watering.