The characteristics of celosia
- Type: flowering plant
- Height: 15 to 100 cm
- Flowers colors: yellow, orange, red, pink, purple
- Desired exposure: sunny, partial shade
- Type of soil: drained
- Foliage: obsolete
- Sanitizing: no
- Varieties: celosia argentea kimono, celosia spicata flamingo feather, celosia argentea century yellow…
Origins and peculiarities of celosia
A tropical plant, celosia has its origins in Africa, Asia and America. Belonging to the family of Amaranthaceaes, it is appreciated for its flowering in colored ears. Sometimes in the shape of a feather duster, sometimes in the shape of a wavy crest depending on the variety, the flowers of celosia are all spectacular. These are annual plants whose flowering extends from July to October. Beyond its functions as ornamental plants, certain species of celosia are cultivated as vegetable plants. Indeed, they produce edible leaves as well as fruits in the form of seeds.
To grow celosia plants, you must start by sowing in order to energize the growth. Start in February / March in a heated shelter and in a bright room. When they form small leaves, you can transplant them in a bucket. Remember to fill the pots with sieved potting soil so as not to harm the development of the plant roots. When the winter temperatures are less cold and the frost is no longer to be feared (around May), you can transplant them and plant them 20 cm apart. If you intend to grow celosia in pots, choose a model at least 40 cm in diameter and think of enriching it regularly with fertilizer (see next paragraph).
Maintenance of celosia
In the case of a pot culture, celosia requires a regular supply of fertilizer or ripe compost from spring until the end of summer. Count about two contributions per month. In all cases, be sure to cut the deflowering stems as well as the wilted flowers throughout the flowering in order to facilitate the appearance of new shoots. When temperatures drop when fall comes, bring your pots in.
To grow in optimal conditions, celosia requires cool, slightly moist soil. Water regularly but in very small quantities so as not to leave soggy soil. Favor watering at the base of the plant so as not to damage the flowers. In hot weather, carefully monitor the condition of the soil and water more if necessary.
Celosia is not subject to diseases and bacteria. On the other hand, it is sensitive to excessive watering and fears rot of the collar and the roots. It can also be attacked by red spiders, aphids or white flies. This scenario is more frequent in summer or when it is sheltered in a greenhouse or indoors.