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Planting potatoes

Planting potatoes

For planting, the generally accepted period is that of the flowering of the lilac because it is a good indicator of the spring warmth. It is necessary to wait for the end of the frosts and for the soil to be well dried to prevent the tubers from rotting into the soil. Gardeners with the moon will choose a "root" day to plant their potatoes. Difficulty : medium (a little physical effort during the digging) Cost : around 10 euros for 60 plants Tools required: - A spade or a grelinette to loosen the soil - A hoe to make a furrow - A rake to bring back the earth - A cord (string and stakes) to draw a straight furrow.

Step 1: Dig and turn the soil over

Dig and turn the soil over to loosen it. A compost supply will have been made beforehand, in the fall or early spring.

Step 2: Prepare your groove

Dig the furrow in which the plants will be placed. Previously, materialize it with a cord that will allow you to draw a straight groove.

Step 3: Dig your groove

Following the line of the line, dig the furrow with a hoe about ten centimeters deep.

Step 4: Plan the spacing between plants

In the furrow, the plants should be spaced about 35 cm apart. To make sure you have the correct spacing without having to measure each time, make a template (a rod) of the desired length using a piece of wood.

Step 5: Select your plants

Control the plants so as to keep only those of quality, that is to say, not wrinkled and whose germs are small and firm.

Step 6: Place your plants

Place the plants gently, respecting the spacing. The germs should be facing up.
Continue on the whole line then create new grooves if necessary. The rows should be spaced about fifty centimeters apart. More precisely, the spacing depends on the earliness of the varieties: the earlier they are, the more the rows can be brought together, the later they are, the more they must be spaced.

Step 7: Cover your plants

Using a rake, cover the plants very gently, so as not to break the germs.

Step 8: Don't forget the hilling

The last step consists in buttering the potatoes, that is to say making a first fairly large mound above the furrow previously dug. This mound will be accentuated during the development of the plant so as to prevent the tubers which have developed from coming into contact with light. When this happens, they turn green and then become toxic and unfit for consumption. When is it necessary to reassemble the hill? Generally when the leaves protrude fifteen centimeters from the ground. We then go up the earth along the stems making a large mound so that the potatoes can develop well.
About ten days later, when conditions are favorable, the first leaves appear.
As the plants grow, you butter them up again, going up the soil to the underside of the leaves. The harvest date depends on the variety grown. New potatoes can be picked as soon as the plants bloom. For the other varieties, the harvest is possible after the death of the foliage (it turns yellow and sets). Note that the potatoes can stay in place for a very long time and thus keep optimally. You just have to be careful not to forget them! Our practical gardening videos