Water, oil, alcohol or natural dyes (nut husks, linseed oil and turpentine), you can use different products to stain a wooden piece of furniture. But the preparation steps remain the same in all cases.
Exposing the surface of the furniture
Before staining a piece of furniture, you must always expose its surface. Start by dusting the furniture to be stained then wash it before allowing to dry. If the furniture is varnished, stained or painted, it must be stripped. Apply a stripper with a brush and follow the instructions on the packaging. Once the surface has been stripped, sand the furniture with steel wool, a wire brush or sandpaper, in both cases, always follow the direction of the wood fibers, otherwise you could damage the furniture.
Wooden furniture can be cracked or have small holes. Before staining a wooden piece of furniture use wood pulp to fill in and erase its defects. Wood pulp is available in different colors suitable for wood species. Apply the paste using a spatula, smoothing its surface well. Let dry and lightly sand to obtain a regular result.
Stain the furniture
The dye can be applied with a brush or with a lint-free cloth. For a good result, always follow the direction of the wood fibers by applying the stain in a thin layer before allowing to dry. The application of a single layer allows the furniture to be slightly tinted, but if you want a more pronounced color, it is better to repeat the operation two or three times.
Fix and protect the dye
Once you have finished staining the furniture it is important to protect it. It is advisable to apply a base coat. Apply the fondur with a brush in a thin layer, always following the direction of the wood fibers and leave to dry. Once dry, sand lightly before repeating the operation. Do the same a third time to get a lasting result. You have the choice of varnishing or waxing the furniture to tint to bring a final touch. The wax is applied to the cloth in successive layers until the surface is shiny. The varnish is also applied in thin layers using a brush or a spalter. In both cases, always follow the grain of the wood, allowing each layer to dry before sanding it gently with very fine sandpaper. Attention, the last layer does not sand.