A fruit tree naturally tends to produce dense branching, which over time results in fewer and smaller fruits. Pruning promotes fruiting and allows better exposure to light. In addition, the tree becomes less susceptible to certain diseases.
What to prune?
First, remove dead, broken and diseased branches. Then, care must be taken to prune the most vigorous branches at the rate of two thirds in order to balance the tree. It is also necessary to practice a pruning on the branches which go towards the heart of the tree because they prevent a good exposure to light.
When to prune your fruit trees?
Pome trees such as apple or pear trees must be pruned during the winter, outside the frost period. Conversely, it is preferable to prune stone trees such as plum or cherry trees at the end of summer in order to give them time to heal properly.
Use the right equipment
For pruning fruit trees, it is advisable to use both pruning shears and force pruning shears for large branches. Be sure to sharpen your tools and disinfect them to prevent the onset of disease. Still with the aim of limiting diseases, you can also use mastic to heal which you will apply using a brush to the size wounds.