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Characteristics of bamboo

Attached to the Poaceae family (formerly Gramineae family), bamboo is a monocotyledonous plant which forms the subfamily Bambusoideae, which lists more than 1,300 different species. One of the most famous plants in the world, bamboo consists of a stem formed at its base by rhizomes (underground part) and on the surface by a thatch, more commonly called "" cane "" or "" main stem "". The multitude of species that bamboo presents has allowed it to develop almost everywhere in the world, although very little in Europe. However, there are a few varieties of indoor bamboo. While the majority of species acclimatize to tropical atmospheres, others are able to adapt to more temperate climates. Today, bamboo finds many uses in our societies. Besides being a very popular outdoor plant, it is also used for the manufacture of various pieces of furniture, parquet floors or musical instruments. Its trunk, renowned for its resistance and lightness, makes it an essential ally of construction, to the point of being an integral part of scaffolding of skyscrapers. Some varieties are excellent anti-noise and windbreaks. If we already know a lot about bamboo, it still contains a few secrets including its simultaneous flowering.

Bamboo plantation

The two best times to plant bamboo are spring and fall. Bamboo should never be planted during the winter as frost can be fatal. Likewise, summer is not a good season for planting bamboo because of excess heat. Although bamboo likes in any type of soil, its placement in acid soil is a plus. It can also be planted in a tub or pot.

Bamboo watering

Watering the bamboo should be copious at the time of planting. It is necessary to bring at least 5 liters daily to a bamboo in pot during summer.

Bamboo pruning and care

Pruning is carried out annually, using a hedge trimmer or shears, as soon as the leaves appear at the end of the branches, generally at the very beginning of summer. Dwarf bamboo is not its size, it mows in March.

Special feature of bamboo

Some bamboos are colonizers. This is the case with tracing bamboos. It is imperative to put an anti-rhizome barrier or a polypropylene film at the bottom of the planting hole in order to retain the roots and thus avoid a proliferation very quickly uncontrollable.

Bamboo diseases

Bamboo is not susceptible to any disease. On the other hand, it is essential to monitor the presence of pests, namely spider mites and aphids.

Discover the advice of Doctor Plantes to treat a sick bamboo

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