In detail

Birch

Birch

Characteristics and origin of birch

Birch is a deciduous tree in the betulaceae family. With its flexible branches, it is appreciated for its majestic bearing. He is from Northern Europe. The two most common species in our regions are silver birch and downy birch. We recognize the first by its hanging branches, its triangular toothed leaves and its smooth white bark. It is the most represented species in French gardens. Downy birch has diamond-shaped leaves. Its white bark is more matte and streaked with horizontal gray bands. The birch is a very resistant tree, it can withstand temperatures up to -40 ° C.

Birch plantation

Birch is a beautiful ornamental tree, but it is generally reserved for large gardens, because it easily reaches 30 meters high. Certain species may however be suitable for modest-sized gardens such as betula nana, which reaches 60 cm in height at maturity. It is planted in groups of three plants in soil exposed to the sun and in a place in the garden where the roots have room to develop. In the fall, dig a hole about 1.20 m in diameter and 70 cm deep a week before planting. Turn the soil over and add a little manure or fertilizer. Then plant three birch plants next to each other, tilting them a little outwards. You just have to mulch the soil to avoid weeds, install stakes and ensure regular watering for a few weeks.

Birch flowering

In spring, male and female catkins appear between the birch leaves. It is from the female kittens that you can make seedlings. To do this, pick up a few in autumn, keep them in the cold during the winter season and then sow them when the weather is good.

Birch tree care

Birch does not require any particular maintenance to develop: no addition of fertilizer or pruning is necessary. It is only advisable to water the young tree in hot weather.

Characteristics