The characteristics of the carrot
- Type: vegetable plant
- Height: up to 60cm
- Flower color: White
- Fruit name: carrot
- Desired exposure: sunny, semi-shaded
- Type of soil: normal, sandy
- Sanitizing: no
- Diseases and pests: jaundice, moth, white worm, psyllid
Origins and characteristics of carrots
The carrot, daucus carota, is a biennial herb and vegetable plant belonging to the apiaceae family. It is appreciated for its fleshy root rich in carotene, which can be enjoyed in many dishes.
Its leaves are hairy and divided into numerous leaflets, and have small white flowers that appear between May and October.
Originally from Iran, the carrot has only been consumed in Western Europe since the 17th century.
Before being cultivated, the wild carrot was much appreciated and sought after. The orange-colored vegetable carrot is grown in all gardens in temperate regions of the globe.
There are approximately 500 varieties of carrots. We find in particular the white Kuttingen carrot, the red-hearted Chantenay carrot 2, the Halle carrot, the Saint Valéry carrot or even the Carentan carrot. Its root, pivoting and elongated, can take various colors, from white to black through yellow, red, and of course orange, depending on the variety.
Carrots have many medicinal and dietary properties. It is a vegetable rich in minerals and vitamins. The beta-carotene it contains helps improve the complexion.
The carrot cultivation is easy. It is enough to sow it from March to July, in a sandy and humid soil, having previously enriched the latter with a fertilizer. Be sure to space the plants well and keep them in a sunny or semi-shaded environment.
The carrot should grow in a sunny environment. Prepare your soil well in the vegetable garden to avoid stones, which can hinder the development of roots.
The carrot is an easy-care vegetable. Just hoe, weed and weed regularly around the plants.
Watering should be regular, but light. In case of drought, you can water more than usual. To keep the soil always moist, it is recommended to mulch the feet to limit evaporation.
Carrots can be harvested in summer or fall (depending on the variety), about 13 weeks after sowing. To harvest it, you have to tear off the carrot in dry weather, lifting it with a spade fork.
Carrot diseases and pests
Carrots are vegetables that are sensitive to climatic conditions and their culture. She particularly dreads the carrot fly. This little black fly digs galleries in the roots. To protect your plants, consider installing a protective net from sowing.
If you have poorly prepared your soil, you can cause the roots to split into a fork.
Alternaria can affect carrots in wet weather. The leaves are then covered with dark or black spots. They eventually rot and your plants disappear. To avoid this, spread the plants well and use Bordeaux mixture as a prevention.
Some recipes with carrots
The carrot is widely consumed in summer and winter, it is used in the ingredients of many dishes. There are many carrot recipes to enhance it. In summer, it is eaten raw and grated with a vinaigrette or lemon juice. In winter, it is eaten in soup, carrot cake, sauce, steamed to give gingham carrots and many other ways.