Origins and peculiarities of the gerbera
The gerbera is an ornamental flower native to South America, Africa, Madagascar and Asia, belonging to the Asteraceae family. The flower is very similar to the daisy, with large flower heads and two rows of florets. The gerbera is a bushy plant, the gerbera leaves are long and green, placed in a rosette. The flowers can be yellow, orange, white, red or pink. There are more than thirty wild species, and several thousand hybrid specimens created by botanical specialists, which make it possible to obtain sometimes two-color flowers. The center of the flower is usually black. This ornamental plant that can be cultivated in pots or appreciated in a vase, evokes deep love in the "" language of flowers "". The gerbera is a depolluting plant. Placed in your interior, it will neutralize the fumes of chemical compounds.
The gerbera measures approximately 60 cm high at maturity, its flowers can reach a diameter of 8 to 15 cm depending on the age of the plant and its exposure to the sun. The gerbera plantation takes place in spring, during the month of April. The gerbera flowering period is summer. You can also keep the gerbera indoors throughout the year. If the plant requires a lot of light, it is better to avoid placing it in full sun in the summer between noon and 2 p.m. She will prefer a slightly shaded place during the hottest hours. It also needs well-drained soil, and does not tolerate temperatures falling below 5 ° C. It adapts very well to greenhouses, because it likes humid atmospheres.
Very weak, the gerbera must be renewed every three years, in order to keep beautiful beds. Do not hesitate, during the growth and flowering period, to add geranium type fertilizer.
The gerbera prefers always moist soil, make sure to water it frequently but sparingly, especially during hot periods.
Gerbera is particularly susceptible to aphid attacks, white flies and rot that can appear if you give it too much water and the planting soil is not draining enough.