Hop

Origins and peculiarities of hops

Hops are a useful plant, but they are nonetheless decorative. If you use the hop flower, harvest it very ripe, that is to say in September, then let it dry.The hops is a perennial plant of the Cannabinaceae family whose rhizomes tend to climb along the trees. It is also called "" the vine of the North "". It grows naturally in humid places. Its stems can reach a length of 10 meters. In summer, the hops produce male and female flowers. Fruits are a kind of achene. These are the female flowers that have been used to flavor and preserve beer since the Middle Ages. Hops are also known for their sedative, digestive, febrifuge and anaphrodisiac properties (it would lower libido in humans).

Cultivation of hops

The hops are a climbing plant which can reach a height of five to seven meters. Plant it in spring or fall, in a soil rich in humus and well drained. It should be in the sun or in a partial shade location. Let it climb on a trellis, an arbor or along a tree.

Hop care

Growing hops is easy, this plant does not require any particular maintenance. It is possible to add nitrogen fertilizer, but in small quantities. Pruning is not necessary, but you can prune your hop plant if it becomes too invasive, preferably in the spring.

Watering hops

Although hops can withstand drought, it is best to water it occasionally during the summer if you want it to continue to grow. Do not hesitate to mulch at its base, this will space the watering.

Hop diseases

The parasites likely to attack it can be repelled thanks to biological treatments such as nettle manure. Beware however of the verticillium wilt of hops caused by the fungus verticillium, which requires cupric treatment. When the hops are in bloom, many moths come to feast on their flowers but do not worry, they do not cause damage.

Characteristics