The characteristics of the snapdragon
- Type: Flower and flowering plant
- Height: From 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm, from 60 to 80 cm, from 80 cm to 1 m, from 1 to 2 m
- Flower colors: red, white, pink, yellow, purple, blue
- Desired exposure: sunny or semi-shaded
- Vegetation: perennial
- Foliage: spent
- Type of soil: well drained
- sanitizer: No
- variety: among the most common, there is the Tom Thumb, the Black Prince, the Big Wolf or the Madame Butterfly
Origins and peculiarities of the snapdragon
The snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) is also called snapdragon plant, or lion's mouth. It is a herbaceous plant which comes from the Mediterranean region and which belongs to the family of scrophulariaceae. It owes its nickname to the particular shape of its flowers which, when pinched, take on the appearance of gules.
There are mainly 3 categories of snapdragons: dwarf plants (height less than 30 cm), medium plants (height between 30 and 70 cm) and tall plants (whose height varies between 70 cm and 1.20 m).
From a culinary point of view, the snapdragon is a edible plant with a bitter and slightly spicy flavor. This explains why he only participates in the decoration on our plates. The leaves and flowers of the snapdragon are also used medicinally. They indeed have emollient and astringent properties. You can treat herpes with its flowers by making a decoction that will be applied to the areas concerned.
The big-flowered snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) must be planted before spring, during the months of January and February. It will be in full bloom from May and will remain in bloom until September. It can be integrated into beds, borders or simply planted in planters and pots, on the terrace or on a balcony.
Either way, the soil that receives a snapdragon should be well-drained and fairly rich, in a sunny or semi-shaded location.
To note : the snapdragon is a plant whose flowers are very popular with pollinating insects. It can therefore be very wise to plant your snapdragons in an orchard or a vegetable patch.
Watering and maintenance of the snapdragon
Good news for budding gardeners: the snapdragon resists water shortages very well! Just be sure not to forget about watering in the summer, and water your snapdragon more frequently if it is in a pot.
In terms of maintenance, the snapdragon is a fairly easy-to-live plant: just wilted flowers should be removed to make room for others; thus, your snapdragon will always be flowering (except maybe in summer when flowering is slower). The
he snapdragon is a plant that resembles itself and therefore does not need pruning. However, it must be monitored because it can quickly multiply. Also be careful to avoid fertilizers in snapdragons, as this makes them prone to disease.
In winter, store your pots indoors so that your plants leave in the spring!
The snapdragon is a flowering plant who has two main enemies.
The first is powdery mildew, a cryptogamic disease (caused by fungi) which can occur in the event of humidity and result in the appearance of white felting on the leaves of the plant.
The snapdragon's second enemy is slugs: in spring, don't hesitate to surround your plants with barriers of eggshells or very fine pozzolana!