The characteristics of black mulberry
- Type: fruit tree
- Height: 5 to 10 m, 10 to 20 m, 20 to 50 m
- Flower color: white
- Fruit name: blackberry
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: normal, well drained
- Foliage: spent
- Interview: easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- variety: Morus nigra
Origins and peculiarities of black mulberry
The black mulberry (Morus nigra) is a fruit tree originally from West Asia. It is also found in Europe, the United States and China. It belongs to the Moraceae family. This large tree has hairy, polymorphic leaves.
Unlike the white mulberry leaves, these cannot be used as food for silkworms. Theblack mulberry flowers have the appearance of kittens and give way to delicious fruit at the start of summer. Blackberries are black when they reach maturity and are very sweet.
Uses of black mulberry
Very appreciated for its fruits, the mulberry is also appreciated for its wood which is very sought after in the field of marquetry. Its fruits are used to make a kind of wine in Cornwall. We also transform them into liqueur.
Its fruit, blackberry, can be declined in syrup, jam and jelly like wild blackberry which comes from the common bramble or from the shrub "wild mulberry" which however have no relation with black mulberry.
Virtues of black mulberry
Black mulberry is not a simple fruit shrub decorative. Indeed, its bark bark is reputed to kill tapeworms, and infusions of its leaves are recommended to reduce glycosuria.
This medicinal plant has astringent properties, indicated in cases of diarrhea. The juice of its fruits can also be used in gargles to relieve sore throats.
Black mulberry plantation
Black mulberry is a tree that is best to plant in the fall. It can be planted until spring outside of frost periods. It is able to grow on any type of soil and withstands negative temperatures very well.
The black mulberry needs a lot of sun to grow properly; areas subject to cold winds during winter are therefore rather to be avoided for planting. The mulberry tree has long roots, so it should be placed far enough from houses, to avoid the risk of damaging residential walls or buried pipes.
Maintenance of black mulberry
The black mulberry tree is very greedy in water. Do not hesitate to water it well the first year after planting. When the root system is well established in depth, watering may stop.
In view of its slow growth, black mulberry does not require any particular pruning. It is a fairly large tree which measures approximately 10 meters in height but which can easily go up to double.
Diseases and parasites of black mulberry
The black mulberry is a fairly resistant tree, which is not often the target of pests or diseases in particular.
However, beware of mealybugs that can attack black mulberry in the spring, and leave species of fluffy whitish clumps under its leaves or bark. If so, you have several options:
- Spray a white horticultural oil (to buy in garden center) on the tree to suffocate them.
- Spray the leaves with a mixture of water, liquid black soap, alcohol and vegetable oil.
- If the fluffy heaps are really big, don't hesitate to use a jet of water with enough pressure to make them go away.