How to plant and cultivate parsley?

How to plant and cultivate parsley?

Characteristics of parsley

  • Type: aromatic and officinal plant
  • Height: from 0.20 to 80 cm
  • Flower colors: white, green, yellow
  • Desired exposure: semi-shaded
  • Type of soil: humus
  • sanitizer: no
  • diseases: the moth
  • variety: Petroselinum crispum, Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum, Petroselinum crispum tuberosum

Origins and peculiarities of parsley

A member of the apiaceae family, theparsley (petroselinum crispum)belongs more specifically to the genus Petroselinum and is native to the Mediterranean. This herbaceous plant is cultivated for its tuber and especially for its leaves which are used in cooking.

Completing its life cycle in two years, the parsley can be 25 to 80 centimeters high. The hairless (hairless) leaves of the herbaceous plant look pretty green and are divided into two or three lobes depending on their position in the lower or upper part of the plant.

The flowers of the aromatic plant, both yellow and green turning to white, have an umbel inflorescence. This means that the flower stalks all meet at the same point on the stem. Growing parsley is rather is simple and it resists disease.

To note : parsley is a poisonous plant for some birds, especially parrots!

Culinary uses of parsley

Fresh parsley can be used as a seasoning, parsley to garnish shellfish and grilled meats, or as a garnish. This aromatic plant can also be used as a condiment (oriental, European and American cuisine), whole for a marinade or chopped.

Parsley is one of the components of the bouquet garni. Its curly or frizzy leaf is often used for plate decoration. Flat parsley is preferred for its more delicate aroma. Parsley with large roots or tuberose is used as a vegetable. Its root can reach the size of the carrot and is eaten like salsify.

Medicinal properties of parsley

Parsley is not only good for cooking: for health too! Indeed, the leaves of this herbaceous plant are full of vitamins A, C, and K; it is also rich in magnesium and iron.

Its root is used as a diuretic in infusion while its leaves serve as a stimulant thanks to their tonic power. The properties of parsley make it an anticancer plant thanks to its positive action on the liver, spleen and intestines. This plant also has digestive and anti-anemic properties.

Planting parsley

Parsley is cultivated easily in a vegetable garden but also in a pot or a planter. As germination is quite long, the trick is to soak the seeds the night before sowing the parsley. The rows do not need to be deep (1 to 2 centimeters deep is enough).

The secret of parsley leaven resides in regular watering, the soil must always be moist. This step can be done in February if you want to harvest in July, or in August to benefit from this condiment in the spring. However, remember to protect the seedling in the winter season.

Diseases and parasites of parsley

Although parsley is a plant that resists disease quite well, it knows a notorious enemy in the garden: the carrot fly, whose larvae love parsley roots and which can do quite significant damage. To avoid such carnage, do not hesitate to plant around your parsley plants odorous plants or flowers such as mint or lavender: the carrot fly does not support too strong odors!