Belonging to the Rosaceae family, the Mirabelle plum (prunus domestica) is a variety of plum. Commonly known as "Lorraine mirabelle", it grows mainly in eastern France and produces a yellow and sweet fruit with a captivating scent.
The different varieties of mirabelle plums
There are two main varieties of this plant: the mirabelle plant of Nancy yellow-orange in color and the rather greenish yellow Mirabelle plum plant, both of which are protected under the name "Lorraine mirabelle plum". There are also other varieties such as early mirabelle plum, Mirabelle plum from Flotow, double mirabelle plum from Herrenhausen or even Bellamira which is a new German variety. The different varieties give fruit varying in color, size or even in production.
Cultivating the mirabelle plum
Only by sowing and on all types of soil, it is quite possible to grow the mirabelle plant in a garden. Usually delivered with its bare roots, the young plant should be grown in autumn to a depth of 60 cm in well-loosened soil without stones. Pack well to avoid air pockets and water generously. Being self-fertile, the plum mirabelle plant does not need any trees for its reproduction.
Maintenance and watering of the mirabellier
The first year, no maintenance will be necessary. The plant should be fed each spring with a special fertilizer for fruit trees and to prevent it from being treated with Bordeaux mixture after flowering. The mirabelle plum mainly needs water during the first two years. Once a week, 10 to 20 liters of water is enough depending on the type of soil, knowing that sandy soil requires more water than clay soil.
Mirabelle tree size
The young plant can be pruned from its second year, making sure to coat the wounds with healing. One pruning in summer and one in winter is sufficient.
Mirabelle plum diseases
Lichens, scab, green aphids, hoplocampi, codling moth or rust are the enemies of the mirabelle plum. In general, the treatment is done after flowering so as not to disturb the pollinators.