The characteristics of tamarisk
- Type: flowering tree
- Height: 1 to 2 m, 2 to 5 m, 5 to 10 m
- Flower colors: pink, white, red
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: normal
- Foliage: spent
- sanitizer: no
- variety: Tamarix africana, Tamarix aphylla, Tamarix canariensis, Tamarix chinensis, Tamarix gallica…
Origins and peculiarities of tamarisk
The tamarisk is a small genus tree shrub, also called tamarisks, and belonging to the tamaricaceae family. It grows in abundance in the Mediterranean regions, but it is also found in the north of France thanks to one of its species perfectly adapted to colder climates. It is mainly found in coastal regions and is particularly popular at the water's edge.
Thetamarisk shrub has two varieties, the tamarisk gallica which is perfectly adapted to the Mediterranean climate and which is found in all hot regions or mild climates. The second variety of tamarisk is Tamaris anglica, or English tamarisk, which is better adapted to oceanic climates and which is found a lot on the Atlantic coast, in the Channel or in northern France. These two varieties are available in species such as Tamarix aralensis, Tamarix canariensis, Tamarix chinensis, Tamarix dioica and many other species.
Visually, the tamarisk is characterized by:
- A bushy habit, which can either be bushy, weeping or rounded;
- Deciduous foliage of a pretty green, made of many elongated leaves.
- A superb and generous flowering (in spring, summer or autumn depending on the species), with the branches of the tamarisk which are covered with clusters of pretty little pale pink flowers.
Fast growing and easy to maintain, the tamarisk is a tree which is particularly suitable for planting in open ground in clumps, free hedges, even if it can also be planted in isolation in a garden.
The tamarisk is a relatively undemanding tree: in the open ground, it accommodates poor, dry soil ... provided that the latter is not too wet or too calcareous and above all that it is well drained.
If you want to ensure that your tamarisk flowers well, also make sure to find a sunny spot in your garden. The tamarisk is a hardy tree, and it can withstand temperatures up to -20 ° C. Ideally, planting should take place in the fall.
On the other hand, this tree is not really made for pot culture: if you want to try the experiment, do it only with a young shrub.
Cultivation and maintenance of tamarisk
When planting, care must be taken to give it good watering. Then it will need to be protected from frost and cold, regardless of the species of tamarisk planted. If the soil on which you have planted your tamarisk is particularly poor, you can bring it a little compost in the spring to strengthen it.
The flowering of the tamarisk appears in April, but everything depends on the species (spring tamarisk or summer tamarisk).
The tamarisk must be pruned only after the end of flowering.
Diseases and parasites of tamarisk
Another good news and a good reason to plant a tamarisk in your garden: if it is planted in optimal conditions (drained soil, etc.), the tamarisk is a very resistant tree which to date has no enemy specific to garden!