The characteristics of cypress
- Type: coniferous or coniferous tree
- Height: 2 to 5 m, 5 to 10 m, 10 to 20 m, 20 to 50 m
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: normal
- Foliage: persistent
- Interview: easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- variety: Cypres de Provence, Cypres bleu, Cypres de Leyland, Cypres de Florence, Cypres d'Arizona ...
Origins and peculiarities of cypress
The cypress is a tree belonging to the cupressaceae family and to the genus cupressus which has less than thirty species. It is a tree that comes from the temperate and warm regions of the northern hemisphere, mainly from Asia Minor. It is very present in Provence (notably the cypress of Provence or cupressus sempervirens) and in the South of France but also in all the countries around the Mediterranean.
The cypress is a tree with a clean line, with a very regular and elegant narrow conical shape, the size of which can reach almost 40 meters in height. Its leaves are in the shape of a triangular scale, a pretty dark green, which gives the cypress a dense foliage of the most aesthetic. If they have a lifespan of 2 to 4 years approximately, the cypress can live up to 500 years!
If thecypress tree was already in vogue in parks and gardens at the time of Ancient Rome, it is still appreciated today for its ornamental qualities and is always a sensation in isolated planting in a garden or in a magnificent alley with its slender port.
The cypress is found under different species in all the hot and temperate countries of the northern hemisphere. Among the best known are the Provence cypress, the blue cypress, the Leyland cypress, the Florence cypress and even the Arizona cypress. What differentiates the species is the color of their foliage which can range from green to blue through many shades. The cypress is a very pollinating tree creating many allergies as soon as spring arrives.
Anecdotes around the tree and uses of the cypress
The cypress is also called cemeteries tree because it is very present in cemeteries in the South of France. The popes' coffins are made with cypress wood because it symbolizes eternal life.
As such, cypress wood is very often used in cabinetmaking, whether for its resistance to humidity and rot or its very fragrant fragrance.
Thecypress essential oil is used in medicine for its benefits against venous insufficiency.
To note : if you find at the entrance of a property 3 cypresses planted nearby, this means that foreigners are welcome in these places!
Cypress planting and care
For the cypress tree to flourish at best, it is advisable to plant it either in the fall or in the spring, but especially after the last frosts.
In terms of climate, the cypress obviously appreciates the mild sun and the heat of the South… However, some rather rustic varieties (Arizona cypress or Lambert cypress for example) are fairly resistant to humidity and cold.
Regarding its location, the cypress tree adapts to many types of soil, even poor or calcareous, but these must always be well drained. The cypress will obviously prefer to grow in the sun, but a semi-shaded exposure may also suit it.
The first three years after planting, the cypress will need regular watering during the summer; apart from that, as an adult, the cypress does not require any special care.
Cypress diseases and parasites
The cypress is a robust tree that is very resistant to diseases, parasites and other pests.