Characteristics of Swiss chard
Type: vegetable plant
- Height: up to 60cm
- Flower color: green
- Desired exposure: semi-shaded, sunny
- Type of soil: clay, limestone
- Interview : frequent watering
- Sanitizing: no
- Diseases:Rust, mildew, aphids, moth
Origins and characteristics of Swiss chard
Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris) is a vegetable plant also called chard, chard, joust, jotte ou chard depending on the region. It is an annual herb belonging to the family of chenopodiaceae.
It is mainly cultivated for its leaves which are eaten as a vegetable. The origins of Swiss chard come from the sea beet found in the wild on the shores of Europe. Swiss chard belongs to the same subspecies as beet.
There are two main varieties of chard, Swiss chard and Swiss chard. Species from the variety of Swiss chard are cultivated for their leaves, which are eaten like spinach.
They are harvested as they grow and they do not stop growing even after being cut. The species of the variety of Swiss chard are cultivated for their cardes or their ribs which are generally cooked in gratin.
We find species such as the Swiss chard with white card or the green chard with white card.
Swiss chard plantation
Sow the chard during the spring, in April and May. The ground must indeed be sufficiently warmed, so as not to cause the feet to flower prematurely.
Swiss chard is planted in the ground, in a cool, deep soil rich in fertilizers. The chard is afraid of frost and should be planted in a sunny or semi-shaded place. The foot must remain cool.
The winter before cultivation, it is recommended to bring compost or decomposed manure to the plot. Count half a wheelbarrow for 10m2 of land.
Swiss chard have a taproot. It is therefore preferable to sow them in place. You can also sow a seed every 1 or 2 centimeters. Lighten them as they grow, in order to reach a distance of about 40cm between each plant.
In general, 4 feet of chard can feed a family of 4. So there is no need to plant more.
Cultivation, maintenance and harvesting of chard
Swiss chard needs to be very watered during the summer. Drought makes chard ribs fibrous. If you are in an area where the climate is hot and dry, a shade house is recommended.
The chard does not like frost, so you have to cover the soil with straw around the foot to protect it well. Keep the soil always cool for good chard growth.
At the very beginning of spring, or during the fall, fertilize with manure or decomposed compost.
The harvest is done two months after planting.
Swiss chard diseases and pests
Among the most common diseases in chard, we find mildew, rust or even Sigatoka. These 3 diseases mainly attack the leaves.
In prevention, it is therefore recommended to spray Bordeaux mixture, and repeat the operation at the first signs of disease.
Aphids and flea beetles also attack Swiss chard, especially on young plants. To eliminate aphids, you can plant absinthe or mint near your Swiss chard plants: the smell repels them naturally.
Against the flea beetles, you just need to water your plants in fine rain in the morning and in the evening.
Use of the chard
Swiss chard is a plant for culinary purposes: there are many recipes for Swiss chard such as Swiss chard soup, Swiss chard gratins, Swiss chard gratins, boiled Swiss chard. The chard is a vegetable is low in calories and rich in vitamin.