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How to plant and cultivate purslane or portulaca oleracea?

How to plant and cultivate purslane or portulaca oleracea?

Characteristics of purslane

  • Type: aromatic and officinal plant
  • Height: from 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm
  • Flower colors: red, white, pink, yellow, salmon
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: well drained, sandy, poor
  • Foliage: persistent
  • Interview: easy to maintain
  • sanitizer: Yes
  • diseases: aphids
  • variety: Portulaca grandiflora, Portulaca oleracea

Origins and peculiarities of purslane

Native to Asia and Europe, the purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) is a perennial and annual herb belonging to the Portulacaceae family, which is found a lot in France in the wild in the Midi but also near the coasts of the English Channel. Visually, the portulaca oleracea is characterized by its fat, oblong, tender green leaves, but also its very fleshy and thick stems. From May, purslane is adorned with pretty little yellow flowers.

Note that in general, when we talk about purslane, we always distinguish the wild purslane (which grows naturally in nature) of purslane said improved, which we plant and cultivate in the vegetable patch. Both are just as edible as the other, but they can be differentiated because the stems of improved purslane are straighter than those of wild purslane!

Purslane comes in two varieties: green purslane and the purslane. After hybridization, purslane is available in around a hundred species, such as purslane portulaca grandiflora which is a species of ornamental purslane with large leaves. The different purslane species are distinguished by the variety of leaves, more or less oval, more or less long, but also by the multitude of colors that exist such as yellow, pink, red, apricot or white.

Use of purslane

If it is so popular in vegetable gardens, it is because portulaca oleracea is a edible plant quite tasty, whose stems and leaves are very appreciated for their tenderness, which works wonders in mixtures of salads and young shoots, but which is also possible to cook (in soups, quiches, etc.) .

Purslane is a plant also widely used in the Cretan diet, where there are many recipes based on portulaca oleracea such as purslane salad or purslane soup sprinkled with parmesan. Purslane is highly prized for its nutritional values ​​because it is very rich in omega 3, essential fatty acids, vitamins B, C and E, iron as well as beta-carotene.

Plantation of purslane

Purslane grows ideally in warm, sunny climates. It is particularly consumed in countries around the Mediterranean. Purslane is planted and repotted in the spring. For planting as seedlings, it is advisable to do so from March until April. The soil should be sandy or rocky, fairly poor and well drained.

Cultivation and maintenance of purslane

The improved purslane does not have big needs in terms of watering, because it appreciates the dry grounds; it also does not require any particular maintenance, which is why it is very appreciated by apprentice gardeners! The purslane leaves are to be harvested from March to October.

As for wild purslane, it grows alone in stony and hot places.

Diseases and pests of purslane

Purslane, or portulaca oleracea, is renowned for its robustness: in fact, it is not afraid of pests or diseases in particular. It is just recommended to be wary of slugs in the spring!