The characteristics of bromeliad
- Type: flower and flowering plant
- Height: from 30 to 60 cm, from 60 to 80 cm
- Flower colors: red, pink, yellow, white, purple
- Desired exposure: sunny
- Type of soil: rich in humus
- Foliage: persistent
- Vegetation : perennial
- Interview: significant light requirement
- sanitizer: no
Origins and peculiarities of bromeliad
Tropical plant from the large family of bromeliaceae, the bromélia (bromelia) is a tropical terrestrial plant, and a cousin of the pineapple, the most famous member of the Bromeliad family. Bromeliad is a epyphe plant native to the forests or wooded areas of South America, Central America and the West Indies.
In its natural state, bromeliad grows on trees, like orchids. In our climates, it is mainly grown in pots and indoors as an ornamental and decorative plant, where it is distinguished by:
- Bright or gray green leaves;
- And a central inflorescence with bright colors, which takes the form of a rosette with long, very hard leaves with crenellated and curved edges. When the plant blooms, a spike of flowers (sometimes white, purple or bright red) emerge from the rosette, then yellow berries. A show as original as it is magnificent, but which requires patience, because a rosette can take a few years to flower!
The bromeliad genus has about fifty species, the Bromeliad family more than 2,800 species. The most common are Guzmania bromeliad, Vriesea bromeliad, Aechmea bromeliad and Ananas bracteatus bromeliad, also known as Pineapple shark. The peculiarity of bromeliad is that it flowers only once in its life, but its flowering lasts between 3 and 6 months depending on the species.
Bromeliad is a plant that can either be grown:
- In the open ground, in hot regions (Côte d'Azur, etc.) or on the Atlantic coast, in other words areas where it does not freeze.
- In a pot, in a greenhouse not subject to frost.
If you plant it in the ground, know that bromeliad, to develop at best, needs humus soil, light, fairly acidic and well drained. Due to its tropical origins, the plant needs to be located in a bright place, either in direct sunlight, or in the sun with a light veil of shade.
If you grow your potted bromeliad, always expose it to the South, and take it out in the summer season but without exposing it directly to the sun.
Often slow growing, bromeliad needs a good light exposure, without direct sun, and a special watering to flourish. The roots of the plant should especially not stagnate in the water at the risk of seeing the bromeliad rot.
It is advisable to wait until the ground is dry before watering it with the foot. About every two days, moisten the leaves with a sprayer, choosing non-hard water or rain water. During flowering, pour the water directly into the heart of the leaves into the calyx once or twice a week.
Bromeliad is a very special plant: after the only flowering, the mother plant may die. If not, remove the wilted inflorescence and save the plant for its decorative foliage. New shoots can then appear at the base.
Wait until roots arise and their size is significant to delicately detach them and replant them in pots. Use a light, draining substrate. These new plants will only flower in a year when they are mature.
Bromeliad diseases and parasites
If bromeliads grown in pots can be the target of mealybug attacks, plants grown in the ground are very resistant and not very prone to diseases and pests.