How to plant and cultivate feijoa?

How to plant and cultivate feijoa?

The characteristics of feijoa

  • Type: fruit tree
  • Height: 2 to 5 m, 5 to 10 m
  • Flower colors: white, red, pink
  • Fruit name: pineapple guava
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: well drained
  • Foliage: spent
  • Interview: easy to maintain
  • sanitizer: no
  • variety: Sellowiana, coolidge, mammoth, variegata, triumph

Origins and characteristics of feijoa

The feijoa is a fruit tree native to southern Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. Hence one of his little nicknames, "the guava from Montevideo". Coming from the Myrtaceae family, this is a unique species but which presents several cultivars, sometimes fruit, sometimes ornamental.

The feijoa is a tree that is visually distinguished by:

  • A bushy harbor;
  • A reddish-brown bark dotted with lighter spots;
  • A superb silver green foliage;
  • Spectacular flowering, thanks to its white flowers with large, bright red stamens;
  • Its fruits, which grow more abundantly on small species, large feijoas being the least productive (but they are the most aesthetic!).

The fruits of feijoa

The feijoa is therefore a fruit tree that produces a fruit, the pineapple guava, which resembles small kiwis with even rougher skin. From a taste point of view, the fruit of feijoa is rather acid, at the crossroads between strawberry, pineapple and guava (hence its name!).

The pineapple guava is harvested in autumn, between October and November, but beware: if its flavors tend to be revealed in cool climates, the jellies very quickly damage the fruit.

Plantation of feijoa

The feijoa is a tree which likes sandy, drained soils but which do not dry out too much. When planting you can add a little perlite or sand to the soil of your garden.
In summer, the feijoa requires a lot of freshness and humidity at the foot, but appreciates being planted in a very sunny place. Ideally, grow other plants around it to shade the base of your tree.
The feijoa resists cold, drought and heat, but fears strong winds: do not hesitate to place it near a wall to protect it.

It is a tree that can be planted in the ground (isolated in the garden, in a grove, but also to form hedges) as well as in pots.

Watering the feijoa

Feijoa, when it reaches adulthood, can withstand drought, however it requires sufficient and regular irrigation as well as a light supply of fertilizer to grow well. The ideal is to have a mulch at the foot of your tree to space the watering.

Feijoa interview

This tree is easy to grow, there is no need to carve the feijoa, but this is possible if you want to give it a particular shape.

You can therefore prune your tree, but as with all fruit trees, you have to wait until autumn, when the fruits begin to fall by themselves. Pinch off the seedlings for good branching.

Diseases and parasites of feijoa

The feijoa is a fairly resistant tree which ultimately has few enemies. The plant can be invaded by aphids, or mealybugs, but on an adult subject, it does not matter.

On the other hand, on a young shrub, you can spray slightly soapy water - if the attack is mild. Otherwise, apply a contact or systemic insecticide to get rid of the pests.