Anise is an aromatic or medicinal plant from the apiaceae family. Also called boucage, it has the Latin name of pimpinella anisum because of the shape of its leaves which resemble bird feathers. In summer, this green foliage mixes with small white flowers. Cultivated since antiquity, green anise finds its origin in the Middle East.
Green anise will naturally find its place in the vegetable patch or in an aromatic garden. He likes light soils rich in humus. It will thrive in drained soil and on a sunny location. It is sown in spring, more or less early depending on the region since it is necessary to wait for the end of the frosts. Mix your soil with compost and sow them spaced on lines 40 cm apart, then cover lightly. Water regularly for 15 days during emergence, then thin every 20 cm to leave enough space for each foot. It can also be grown in pots, then it should be sown in a mixture of potting soil, garden soil and sand.
Cultivation and maintenance of anise
This aromatic plant requires little maintenance apart from watering at the time of sowing and regularly when it is hot and the soil is dry. It is also advisable to hoe in order not to invade the feet but also to butter for a better hold.
There is no need to prune the plant as it is harvested every year.
Multiplication of anise
As mentioned above, the multiplication is done by sowing. Harvest in order to obtain seeds and operate as explained above.
Harvest of anise
It is at the end of summer that you will be able to harvest. Cut bouquets that you will hang upside down. The anise should be stored in a dry place. Place a box under your bouquets to collect the seeds which you can then store in jars.
Virtues of anise
Anise has digestive properties, it treats bloating and discharge. This medicinal plant is also able to calm dry coughs, fight bronchitis and relieve menstrual disorders. It develops all its virtues when consumed in herbal tea or used in essential oil.
Use of anise
It can be used in many recipes. Cakes, ice cream, fish recipes, gingerbread, this aromatic plant goes well with many foods. It is also found in raki or ouzo. Green anise is also found in the famous Anis de Flavigny candies, a traditional candy created by Benedictine monks from Flavigny Abbey.
Diseases and pests of anise
Slugs and snails can attack young plants, protect them from a rampart made from beer or ash. And if "Boucage" has few predators, it is mainly because this plant, itself, scares away pests. Aphids, worms and caterpillars are repelled by anise which it can be interesting to place here and there in his garden to protect his production.