How to plant and cultivate areca?

How to plant and cultivate areca?

The characteristics of areca

  • Type: ornamental plant
  • Height: up to 5m
  • Flower color: white, yellow
  • Desired exposure: shaded
  • Type of soil: humifère
  • Foliage: persistent
  • Interview : easy to maintain
  • Sanitizing: no
  • Diseases and pests: red spider, whiteflies

Origins and characteristics of areca

Areca is a palm tree originating from Madagascar. This exotic plant is very popular in France but its low resistance to cold and frost makes it mainly a houseplant.

In Madagascar, areca has long bordered beaches and rivers before being used to excess, its wood being very popular with builders. This palm which belongs to the arecaceae family is also called bamboo palm, Areca palm or butterfly palm.

Among the genus Dypsis to which this palm belongs, there are 6 species. The Dyspsis lutescens or areca is the most cultivated of them. There is also the red-necked palm or the triangle palm which is not widely found in Europe. The areca is made up of pinnate leaves, a bushy habit but does not resist negative temperatures.

It is recognized as a depolluting plant which fixes flying organic compounds and humidifies the air. If it is not considered a poisonous plant, children and animals are advised not to chew its leaves.

Plantation of the areca

Areca is a plant that needs a lot of light and space. However, it should not be exposed to direct sunlight or be near a radiator, as this could burn the leaves.

Choose a pot large enough so as not to disturb its roots. Appreciating well-drained soil, it is best to provide it with soil for green plants, sand and have clay balls at the bottom of the pot.

If you buy a potted areca plant, there are a few small steps you can take to ensure good growth for your plant. Remove your areca from its original pot, paying attention to its roots. Then choose a pot with a diameter greater than 2 to 5cm depending on the size of the plant.

Culture and maintenance of areca

Heat and humidity are your plant's best allies. Do not hesitate to water regularly so that the soil is always moist.

In the first years, it is advisable to spray the plant to give it even more moisture and help it grow. An organic fertilizer supply will not be superfluous once a week in summer then once a month in winter. Repotting is done as soon as the plant runs out of space, ideally in spring or summer.

Size of the areca

Apart from the elimination of dry and useless fins, pruning is not necessary.

Multiplication of the areca

Multiplication can be done by sowing. The seeds germinate very easily, it is enough to place them directly in potting soil for sowing and to preserve heat and humidity.

It is also possible to split Areca during potting. Take suckers from the base of the plant and place them in a pot filled with potting soil. Put in a greenhouse or under plastic for heat and humidity favorable to the development of the roots.

Diseases and pests of areca

Red spiders and white flies can harm your areca. In case of invasion, do not hesitate to shower your plant but also to spray black soap. Apart from these pests, the palm tree only fears bad weather conditions.

If its palms are dry, make sure to provide it with moisture and keep it away from any heat source. Be careful though, an excess of humidity could cause the stems to rot, especially if the room is not warm enough.