The characteristics of celandine
- Type: flowering plant
- Height: from 0 to 30 cm, from 30 to 60 cm, from 60 to 80 cm
- Flower colors: yellow
- Desired exposure: sunny, semi-shaded
- Type of soil: sandy, clay, stony, drained, rich in humus
- Foliage: spent
- Vegetation: perennial
- Interview: moderate watering, easy to maintain
- sanitizer: no
- variety : chelidonium majus, peno flora, laciniatum
Origins and peculiarities of celandine
The celandine, from his real name Chelidonium majus, is a wild grass officinalis and toxic which belongs to the family of papaveraceae.
Celandine grows spontaneously on European and Asian soil. It is fond of clay soils, and it grows as well in gardens as on dirt roads, in hedges, in woods, in walls or in edges.
There are several species of Chelidonium majus, the main ones being "var. Laciniatum", the classic species and the "pleno flora". If the classical species produces simple yellowish flowers, the "pleno flora" has the specificity of emitting golden double flowers. The var. laciniatum is distinguished from other species by its widely dispersed foliage.
Good to know : celandine does not need any human intervention to sow and grow. Therefore, it can quickly invade your gardens if you do not provide regular maintenance!
Uses of celandine
If celandine is a poisonous plant by ingestion (be careful, all parts of the plant are), its stem contains a yellow juice (called "latex") which has very interesting medicinal properties; in fact, the juice of celandine, with its reddening and caustic properties, is very effective in fighting against corns and warts. It is no coincidence that celandine is also known by the names ofwarts grass or from corns plant!
This latex is used in homeopathic doses, for external use: for a week, just brush your wart with the end of a celandine rod. The juice will dry out the latter, which will disappear after 7/8 days. Remember to wash your hands thoroughly after touching the plant!
To note : the celandine stems cannot be kept. Therefore, if you want to use the stems to treat a horn or a wart, you will need to use them on the day of picking.
Celandine majus is also used as a pesticide, as it actively repels aphids such as transparent flies (whiteflies).
This flowering plant likes sunny environments, although it is not against a small corner of shade. Celandine appreciates cool, drained soils, but can grow quite easily everywhere because it is a hardy plant.
Sowing celandine seeds is done conventionally from the beginning of spring. To do this :
- Weed the area before planting your plants.
- Fill a bowl with water to deposit your celandine clods.
- Dig a hole in the ground. The diameter of the hole should be three times larger than the diameter of the root ball.
- Put the root ball in the hole.
- Fill the hole with soil. Tamp down thoroughly.
- Water your work before mulching.
Maintenance of celandine
The celandine is a plant that requires no specific care and grows like a big one in its corner! If you don't want it to spread too much, remove the wilted flowers to prevent them from growing to seeds.
Diseases and parasites of celandine
Resistant and solid, celandine is not the target of any disease or parasite in particular.