Characteristics of star jasmine
- Type: vine
- Height: up to 10m
- Flower color: white, pale yellow
- Desired exposure:sunny, semi-shaded
- Type of soil: normal, humus, drained
- Foliage: persistent
- Interview : easy to maintain
- Sanitizing: no
- Diseases, pests: aphids
Origins and characteristics of star jasmine
From its Latin name Trachelospermum Jasminoides, star jasmine (also called fake jasmine) is attached to the family Apocynaceae. This climbing perennial is native to Asia. Currently there are between 11 and 15 different varieties around the world.
These are the speciesTrachelospermum jasminoides andasiaticum that we most often find planted in our gardens. They are subtropical species, native to Japan, Korea and China.
Although the name includes the term "jasmine", this plant is not part of the botanical family of common garden jasmines. The plant flowers during the summer period. These star-shaped flowers give off a fragrant scent, very heady.
This ornamental plant with honey-scented flowers contains an irritating latex. This latex is on the stems star jasmine. To avoid skin problems, it is recommended to handle the plant with gloves.
Planting and cultivation of star jasmine
This climbing plant requires good growing conditions to evolve. To grow it in pots as in the ground, you need:
- Humid and very rich soil. It should also be draining.
- Sun exposure is recommended. However, the plant supports very well semi-shaded areas. Always keep starry jasmine away from high winds.
- Planting is done by sowing. The seeds should be covered with rich, refined soil. (1cm overlap).
- The spacing between each plantation is at least 150 cm. For better cultivation, gardeners recommend adding compost when planting. Considered a climbing plant, the false jasmine needs a support to grow (wall for example).
Besides this peculiarity, it is necessary to plant the star jasmine in the spring. Adding liquid fertilizer during the growing period is a big help. For very dense foliage, it is possible to pinch the buds of the climbing plant.
It is good to know that growing in pots hinders the growth of the plant. It will therefore never reach its adult size, which can reach up to 10m in height.
Maintenance of star jasmine
It is a plant that does not require a lot of maintenance, but there are still some good practices to put in place.
If your star jasmine is in a pot, it should be watered regularly, allowing the substrate to dry for 2cm between each watering. In winter, slightly reduce the frequency of watering. You can repot your star jasmine in the spring or simply surface the pot with new potting soil to keep the vigor of your plant.
If your star jasmine is in the open ground, know that it resists drought rather well but that it requires a few punctual waterings during the summer period. If the winters are harsh, mulch the base with leaves. In summer, mulching keeps the soil cool.
Prune slightly in March for aesthetics and to give a boost to the new flowering.
Reproduction of star jasmine
The multiplication of Indian jasmine can be done by sowing, by cutting the stems, by cutting the semi-woody stems or by layering.
Sowing is done as soon as sunny days arrive (spring).
Layering is generally carried out in the spring season. However, it can be done at any time of the year. To do this, push a portion of liana into the ground by removing the leaves on the buried part. After a few months, pull it slightly to see the presence (or not) of new roots. If the roots have formed, then separate the layer from the mother plant of the star jasmine and dig up the plant to put it in a pot.
The cuttings of the stems are carried out in the summer period while the cuttings of the semi-woody stems are done in the fall. Then take 10 to 15 cm sections from the plant, then prick them in a mixture of potting soil and sand.
Diseases and parasites of star jasmine
The false jasmine is a rustic flowering plant. We don't know him any real illness.
On the other hand, you must have a watchful eye on aphids which appreciate reveling in the foliage. There are several effective solutions to control these pests such as:
- Decoctions based on black soap.
- Decoctions made from ivy leaves.
- Rhubarb-based decoctions.
These three solutions are equal. However, be aware that an invasion of aphids can be harmful. It is advisable to react as soon as the pests appear, in order to limit the damage to the plant.