The philodendron is a houseplant native to South America and belonging to the araceae family. It is a depolluting plant with so-called decorative foliage which finds its place in all habitats. There are many species and varieties, the most common of which is the climbing philodendron.
What place to choose for your philodendron?
It is essentially a houseplant that does not appreciate direct contact with the sun or be in a dark and humid place. Do not expect to grow the philodendron in the ground, it would not last long. Choose, therefore, a place in your home where it can benefit sometimes from the sun sometimes from the shade (a semi-shaded place) and which will not be subjected to a draft. When the heyday of the summer period returns, it is entirely possible to offer him an outing on the terrace. Under these conditions, install the plant pot always in a semi-shaded place. In addition, the plant is sensitive to cold.
Watering and feeding the philodendron
To live long, the philodendron requires a touch of attention as well as good nutrition and dehydration. Thus, it should be noted that maintenance in winter is somewhat different from that of the rest of the year. - Summer like winter, spring or autumn, mist the foliage once every two days. - In hot periods (spring and summer), take the time to water the plant properly. In cold periods (winter and autumn), watering should be reduced. You should know that this plant needs water to grow. As soon as you notice that the potting soil is dry, it is essential to hydrate the plant. - The philodendron needs a suitable fertilizer for green plants. Repot monthly from March to September.
Special care for the philodendron
All gardeners agree that we must forget about fake products that give shine to foliage like milk, oil or beer. It is better to smooth its leaves by a simple monthly cleaning with a specific product. Besides cleaning the leaves, it is also necessary to stake, if necessary.
Reproduction of the philodendron by aquatic cuttings
There is a cascade of techniques for multiplying the philodendron; sowing, air layering, head cutting and water cutting. The simplest being the last solution stated. To make a cutting in water, you simply have to carry out the following procedure: - Find a beautiful stem and cut it carefully. - Put this rod in a glass of warm water. - Wait a good month until the glass is filled in half with the new roots. - Repot the glass with a substrate.
Diseases and parasites of philodendrons
The depolluting plant is not immune to an attack from aphids, red spiders or scale insects. These three pests are known to the gardening world and very radical products exist to hunt parasites without damaging the atmosphere and the plant. Thus, - For aphids: make an emulsion based on black soap and quassia wood. - For red spiders: make an emulsion based on black soap and alcohol at 90 ° C. - For mealybugs: make a decoction based on black soap, vegetable oil and alcohol at 90 ° c. In the area of diseases, we can count the rot of the collar which is caused by the differences in temperatures. It is therefore necessary to regularly maintain your houseplant to avoid this inconvenience. If, despite your precautions, its roots take on a brownish appearance, sprinkle them with captan powder.
Uses and Uses of the Philodendron
It is particularly appreciated for its beauty as well as for its depolluting properties.